The “new refugees” who came to Italy after World War II were Displaced Persons mainly from Eastern Europe-in other words, Holocaust survivors from concentration camps and ghettoes. The Jewish survivors had formed an organization called Brichah (flight) for the purpose of smuggling immigrants (Aliya Bet, "illegal immigration") to Palestine and the organization moved 4,500 refugees from DP camps in Germany to a port near Marseilles, France in July 1947 where they boarded Exodus. Additional processing completed, and finding aid compiled and encoded by Violet Lutz. Guide to the Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection 1920s-1959 (bulk 1945-1950) RG 294.5 Status In Progress Author Partially processed by YIVO staff. The DP camps were both be “mixed camps”, where Jewish DPs cohabited with refugees from various nationalities, and separate Jewish camps. Kostopol, Poland, a group photograph of members of a Hachshara (agricultural training program) during Passover. Displaced persons camps in post-World War II Europe were established in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps.A "displaced persons camp" is a temporary facility for displaced persons, whether refugees or internally displaced persons… These displaced persons (DP) camps were in the occupied zones of Germany, Austria and Italy. For the majority, this new life was either in Palestine or the United States of America. In the summer 1945, Displaced Persons camps in Germany epitomized a place of contrasts and paradoxes. Matzah baking at the New Palestine DP camp, Parsch, Austria, postwar. Passover Haggadah that Yehezkel Gewirtz sent his six-year-old nephew, Getzel Landau in 1934 from Eretz Israel (Mandatory Palestine) The Landsberg Displaced Persons (DP) Camp was established in the summer of 1945. DP Camps in the Klagenfurt area are referred to as the places of residence of individual Russian refugees, former ranks of the Russian Corps for 1949-1950. Until the second half of 1946 there was an increasing movement of refugees from east to west, and at the beginning of 1947 the number of Jewish displaced persons stabilized at around 210,000. Digitized 2; Has Supplementary Materials 2; In English 2; Dates. Half … Jewish DPs from the New Palestine displaced persons camp gather around a memorial erected to the Jewish victims of the Nazis. Date ©2014 Language of description English Script … However, in the immediate post-war period, both of these options were, for the most part, closed to survivors. In 1945 there were about 2000 Russians in the Parsh. Many refugees also lived in “kibbutzim” or communal groups and training farms for potential farmers in Palestine of which there were more than 60 in Italy. DPs still languished behind barbed wires after the Allied armies had liberated the concentration camps. Formed on the basis of the former concentration camp of the Second World War “New Palestine”. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Morris Rosen. The military had assumed that practically all of the Displaced Persons would be sent to their countries of … I lived for 5 years in a DP camp on the outskirts of Salzburg. You searched for: Subject New Palestine (Displaced persons camp) Remove constraint Subject: New Palestine (Displaced persons camp) New Search. Toggle facets Filter your search Digital Availability. The camp was located in … 1940–45: On August 12, 1942, German officials ordered Dabrowa’s Jews to assemble in the town. 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