On May 10, they marched to Delhi. The economic exploitation by the British and the complete destruction of the traditional economic structure caused widespread resentment among all sections of the people. Eighty-five of them were dismissed and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. The Post Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them. While British historians called it the Sepoy Mutiny, Indian historians named it the Revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence. The news of the events at Delhi spread rapidly, sparking uprisings in many districts. Thus ended the imperial dynasty of the Mughals. 3. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). During the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Later, a large-scale rebellion broke out in May and turned into what may be called a full-fledged war in the affected region. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Failure of Great Indian Revolt of 1857 and Its Causes, Top 4 Causes of the Revolt of 1857 In India, The Revolt of 1857 in India (Study Notes), Social and Economic Impact of British Rule in India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. India was transformed into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured in Britain. Revolt of 1857 - First War of Independence Against British The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. 3. Their Crime: These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. Chapaties and lotus passed from village to village as a symbollic message. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Content Guidelines 2. The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of the subcontinent. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. When Dalhousie wanted to apply the Doctrine of Lapse to Karauli (Rajputana), he was overruled by the court of Directors. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Dr. Mary Rader (UT), for suggesting the topic and methodology upon which this project has been conceived. The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the Chunar rebellion in Bihar and Bengal broke out in the late eighteenth century. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. The right to adopt sons as legal heirs was accepted. Jaitpur, Sambalpur and Udaipur were also annexed. Karl Marx in the summer of 1857 expressed the same doubt in the pages of New York Daily Tribune: “What he (John Bull) considers a military mutiny”, he wrote, “Is in truth a national revolt”. In Jhansi, the twenty-two-year-old Rani Lakshmi Bai led the rebels when the British refused to accept the claim of her adopted son to the throne of Jhansi. 2. Finally the British forces captured Lucknow. Gwalior was recaptured by the British. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? Later on, the Rani was joined by Tantia Tope and together they marched to Gwalior and captured it. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. The revolt was suppressed with terrible vengeance. On 9th May, 85 soldiers in Meerut refused to use the new rifle and were sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company's army created a mutiny in Meerut that soon spread throughout the central and northern India cities. In rural areas, peasants and zamindars resented the heavy taxes on land and the stringent methods of revenue collection followed by the Company. TOS4. You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? Moreover, the sentiments of the people were hurt when it was declared that the descendants of the titular Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, would not be allowed to live in the Red Fort. Art, literature, history, stories, paintings, films have helped in keeping the memory of 1857 revolt alive. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Course and Spread of the Revolt: The revolt spread to Berhampur in Bengal. The Revolt of 1857 II, created hostility among the ruling class.1 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of the country from the late eighteenth Moreover, the sentiments of the people were hurt century onwards. The British finally attacked Delhi in September. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in January. Berhampore and Barrackpore see outbreaks. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The revolt of 1857 created a big gap between the different religious communities especially the Hindus and the Muslims as each blamed the other for its failure. Table of Contents. In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. The Indians, however, developed a deep racial bitterness towards the English and opposed the inferior status granted to them. Indian handicraft industries had to compete with cheap machine- made goods from Britain. He captured Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3. The people were convinced that the Government was planning to convert Indians to Christianity. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. Political map of India before the Revolt of 1857 4. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. They became bitter enemies of the British. In Britain and in the West, it was almost always portrayed as a series of unreasonable and bloodthirsty uprisings spurred by falsehoods about religious insensitivity. Died at Lucknow while fighting against the rebels. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. On July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. But she was ultimately defeated by the English. [3] But by September 1857, the British reoccupied Delhi. Nana Saheb escaped. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. It was started on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Date. There was unrest in several places. Besides, the missionaries were allowed to make conversions to Christianity all over India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The southern provinces did not take part in it. Captured Delhi on 20th September 1857 (Nicholson died soon due to a mortal wound received during the fighting). Besides, an Indian sepoy could not rise to a rank higher than that of a Subedar. RevoLT OF 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plainand central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. It failed to have the character of an all-India struggle.Important rulers like Sindhia, Holkar, Rana of Jodhpur and others did not support the rebels. [3] 15. The attack by Mangal Pandey is considered one of the first acts of what came to be known as the Great Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. It was merely a product of Sepoy but was accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. This was announced by Lord Canning at a Durbar in Allahabad in aproclamation issued on 1 November 1858 in the name of the Queen. The Revolt of 1857 paved the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. Great Revolt of 1857 The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. The revolt of 1857 is regarded by many as the First War of Indian Independence. The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of Independence! In a recent project, historian D. Kirti Narain uncovers the veil of anonymity surrounding scores of women — royals, aristocrats, courtesans, and commoners — … UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. National movement in 20th century drew its inspiration from the events of 1857. In this article, we have summarized the causes, impact, importance, and outcomes of the revolt. It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, or the Indian Revolt of 1857. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. For six days there was desperate fighting. This was the official beginning of the ‘Great Revolt’. Final reoccupation of Lucknow on 21 st March, 1858. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. This measure converted Awadh, a loyal state, into a hotbed of discontent and intrigue. The Revolt of 1857 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Some of the local rulers like Scindia of Gwalior, the Holkar of Indore, the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Raja of Jodhpur, the Nawab of Bhopal, the rulers of Patiala, Sindh, and Kashmir, and the Rana of Nepal provided active support to the British. Greased cartridges cause unrest. She died, fighting to the very end. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Major Events. Lucknow was the capital of Awadh. Description: The Indian sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta or payment. Dr. Mary Rader (UT), for suggesting the topic and methodology upon which this project has been conceived. [RAS/RTS 2012] A: Ajmer […] The whole of Central India and Bundelkhand was brought under British control by him. Privacy Policy3. Causes of the Revolt of 1857 Political Economic Military Social Administrative ... Ss project history Yash Chopra. Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse. During the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. They were not prepared to cross the ocean (Kalapani) which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. The annexation of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie on the pretext of maladministration left thousands of nobles, officials, retainers and soldiers jobless. It was suppressed by the middle of 1858. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. The Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 modified the traditional Hindu law. 1. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. IAS Kracker — August 27, 2017 15 comments The Revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled Indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from Indian shores, however, it ended in failure. List of Non tribal, Tribal and peasant movements during British India. The revolt was mainly feudal in character carrying with it some nationalist elements. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the … the revolt of 1857 was very important in determining Indian history. The Doctrine of Lapse was abolished. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. Image Source: 51ec5c0d06ef68842cbd-eb61d9770b9e4a1d2dacebe5287fbc1d.r85.cf2.rackcdn.com/3354F365-60F8-40DE-99E9-58ACE0BCAA35.jpg. The Great Rebellion of 1857 or what was supposed to be a ‘sepoy mutiny’ has undoubtedly been a major landmark in colonial South Asian history.1. The Rani of Jhansi fought like a tigress. But his brilliant commander Tantia Tope continued the struggle. Social and Religious Causes: The British had abandoned its policy of non-interference in the socio-religious life of the Indians. The abolition of practices like sati and female infanticide, and the legislation legalizing widow remarriage, were threats to the established social structure.Even the introduction of the railways and telegraph was viewed with suspicion. Killed Bahadur Shah's sons and grandsons in Delhi. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. The first half of the nineteenth century also witnessed a number of tribal revolts. The control of Indian administration was passed on to the British Crown by the Government of India Act, 1858. The extension of the British Empire in India had adversely affected the service conditions of Indian sepoys. The military equipment of the rebels was inferior. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, Military and Political causes. 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